General Information

Officially Dawlat Qatar independent emirate on the west coast of the Persian Gulf. It occupies a small desert place that extends from the larger Arabian Peninsula north of eastern Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. It has an area of 4,416 square miles (11,437 square km), the total including a number of nearby small islands and the Hawar Islands (which are also claimed by Bahrain) in the Persian Gulf. The capital is Doha (Ad-Dawhah) on the east coast, once a centre of pearling activity.



OFFICIAL NAME(S)
Dawlat Qatar
 
CAPITAL:
Doha
 
FORM OF GOVERNMENT:
monarchy (emirate); Islamic law is the basis of legislation in the state
 
HEAD OF STATE:
Emir assisted by Prime Minister
 
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT:
Emir assisted by Prime Minister
 
MONETARY UNIT:
1 riyal (QR) = 100 dirhams; valuation 1 U.S.$ = QR 3.64; 1 = QR 6.20.
 
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES:
Arabic
 
POPULATION :
928,635
 
RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION :
Islam
 
ETHNIC COMPOSITION :
Arab 40%; other (mostly Pakistanis, Indians, and Iranians) 60%.
 
LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH :
male 68.8 yrs; female 74.2

 

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