Officially Saltanat 'Uman country occupying the southeastern coast of a Peninsula. It is bounded to the southwest by Yemen, to the south and east by the Arabian Sea, to the north by the Gulf of Oman, to the northwest by the United Arab Emirates, and to the west by Saudi Arabia. A small enclave, the Ru'us Al-Jibal (“the Mountaintops”), occupies the northern tip of the Musandam Peninsula at the Strait of Hormuz; this territory gives the country its only frontage on the Persian Gulf.
The country's total area is about 119,500 square miles (309,500 square km). Its offshore territories include Masirah Island to the east and Al-Hallaniyah Island (the largest of the five Khuriya Muriya Islands) 25 miles (40 km) off the south coast. Muscat (Masqat), a port on the Gulf, is the capital.
OFFICIAL NAME(S) Saltanat 'Uman CAPITAL: Muscat FORM OF GOVERNMENT: monarchy HEAD OF STATE: Sultan HEAD OF GOVERNMENT: Sultan MONETARY UNIT: 1 rial Omani (RO) = 1,000 baizas; valuation 1 RO = U.S.$2.60 = £1.53. OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Arabic POPULATION : 3,311,640 RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION : Islam ETHNIC COMPOSITION : Omani Arab 73.5%; Indian 13.3%; Bangladeshi 4.3%; Pakistani (mostly Balochi) 3.1%; Egyptian 1.6%; other 4.2%. LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH : male 67.7 yrs; female 71.8
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