General Information

Officially Saltanat 'Uman country occupying the southeastern coast of a Peninsula. It is bounded to the southwest by Yemen, to the south and east by the Arabian Sea, to the north by the Gulf of Oman, to the northwest by the United Arab Emirates, and to the west by Saudi Arabia. A small enclave, the Ru'us Al-Jibal (“the Mountaintops”), occupies the northern tip of the Musandam Peninsula at the Strait of Hormuz; this territory gives the country its only frontage on the Persian Gulf.

The country's total area is about 119,500 square miles (309,500 square km). Its offshore territories include Masirah Island to the east and Al-Hallaniyah Island (the largest of the five Khuriya Muriya Islands) 25 miles (40 km) off the south coast. Muscat (Masqat), a port on the Gulf, is the capital.



OFFICIAL NAME(S)
Saltanat 'Uman
 
CAPITAL:
Muscat
 
FORM OF GOVERNMENT:
monarchy
 
HEAD OF STATE:
Sultan
 
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT:
Sultan
 
MONETARY UNIT:
1 rial Omani (RO) = 1,000 baizas; valuation 1 RO = U.S.$2.60 = £1.53.
 
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES:
Arabic
 
POPULATION :
3,311,640
 
RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION :
Islam
 
ETHNIC COMPOSITION :
Omani Arab 73.5%; Indian 13.3%; Bangladeshi 4.3%; Pakistani (mostly Balochi) 3.1%; Egyptian 1.6%; other 4.2%.
 
LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH :
male 67.7 yrs; female 71.8

 

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Middle East Countries

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