small state in the Persian Gulf. It is an archipelago
consisting of an Island—extending about 30 miles (50 km) from north
to south and 10 miles (16 km) from east to west—and some 30 smaller
islands. Its name means “two seas.” The country is situated in a bay
on the southwestern coast of the Persian Gulf; Saudi Arabia lies to the west
across the Gulf, while the Qatar peninsula lies to the east.
The King Fahd Causeway, 15 miles (24 km) long, links the island to the mainland. Total land area is 268 square miles (694 square km). The chief town, port, and capital is Manama (Al-Manamah), on the northeastern tip of the Island.
|FORM OF GOVERNMENT:|
|HEAD OF STATE:|
|HEAD OF GOVERNMENT:|
|1 Dinar (BD) = 1,000 fils; valuation 1 BD = U.S.$2.65 = £1.54.|
|RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION :|
|ETHNIC COMPOSITION :|
|Arab 63.6%; Persian, Indian, Pakistani, and other Asians 30.3%; other Arab 3.5%; European 1.2%; other 1.4%.|
|LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH :|
|male 69.0 yrs; female 72.4|
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