Dawlat Al-Bahrayn  small state in the Persian Gulf. It is an archipelago consisting of an Island—extending about 30 miles (50 km) from north to south and 10 miles (16 km) from east to west—and some 30 smaller islands. Its name means “two seas.” The country is situated in a bay on the southwestern coast of the Persian Gulf; Saudi Arabia lies to the west across the Gulf, while the Qatar peninsula lies to the east.

The King Fahd Causeway, 15 miles (24 km) long, links the island to the mainland. Total land area is 268 square miles (694 square km). The chief town, port, and capital is Manama (Al-Manamah), on the northeastern tip of the Island.



General Information

OFFICIAL NAME(S)
Dawlat al-Bahrayn
 
CAPITAL:
Manama
 
FORM OF GOVERNMENT:
monarchy (emirate)
 
HEAD OF STATE:
Emir
 
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT:
Prime Minister
 
MONETARY UNIT:
1 Dinar (BD) = 1,000 fils; valuation 1 BD = U.S.$2.65 = £1.54.
 
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES:
Arabic
 
POPULATION :
633,000
 
RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION :
Islam
 
ETHNIC COMPOSITION :
Arab 63.6%; Persian, Indian, Pakistani, and other Asians 30.3%; other Arab 3.5%; European 1.2%; other 1.4%.
 
LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH :
male 69.0 yrs; female 72.4

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